Tag Archives: Saturn V

U.S. Space and Rocket Center

Ever since we were kids, Diana and I have been interested in the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, otherwise known as NASA.  We’ve been to Kennedy Space Center numerous times, and have watched the shuttle Columbia launch from Titusville along with several SpaceX launches from Melbourne Beach.  We also saw Columbia land piggyback on a 747 at Kelly AFB in San Antonio, and heard its twin sonic booms at Disney World as it came into Kennedy on approach.  We’ve seen many moon rocks and crew capsules around the country, but….

…we had never been to Huntsville, Alabama and the U.S. Space and Rocket Center, better known as Space Camp!  Oh, man…had this been here when I was a kid, I would have bugged the heck out of my parents to send me. 😊  We actually weren’t here for Space Camp itself, but to see the artifacts they have from the space program and to take a tour of the Marshall Space Flight Center…the place where Werner von Braun and a team of NASA scientists developed the moon rocket.   We camped two nights right at the center in their RV park, which was a bargain at $18 a night for full hookups!

Upon entering the main museum building, we saw this interesting graphic.  It compared what human history would look like if it were put on a year long cosmic calendar…with the beginning of the universe being at 12:01 AM on January 1st.

Recorded human history has all occurred in the last 14 seconds, according to this display.  Talk about putting things in perspective!

Before we entered the mockup of the Space Station, Diana decided to pose with Astronaut Scott Kelly.

After spending a year in space, Scott was feeling a bit flat.  😉

The mockup of the International Space Station was really cool, as it showed experiments, crew quarters, exercise equipment and the toilet.  We were surprised that the crew members are required to exercise 2-1/2 hours a day to prevent muscle atrophy!  The other items in the main museum were hands on and mostly aimed at kids, so we buzzed through it fairly quickly.

Two of the displays outside were very impressive.  The first is a mockup of a complete Space Shuttle stack….the only one in existence in the world!  The main tank and the solid rocket boosters are the real deal, but the orbiter is a mockup used in testing when the shuttle program started.

It’s amazing how big it is!  The other thing we had never seen was a vertical Saturn V rocket, the one used to send astronauts to the moon.  That’s the rocket in the first photo of this post.  It’s a full scale model, standing at over 360 feet tall.

Better plug my ears, just in case they decide to light this thing up!

The other museum building on the grounds is the Davidson Center for Space Exploration, which has an actual Saturn V on its side, similar to the one at Kennedy Space Center in Florida.

Our guide, Kiri, took us step-by-step, explaining the rocket.  She also showed us many of the other displays in the building, including…

…Ed White’s umbilical, maneuvering unit and helmet from the first American spacewalk in 1965.  

I actually remember when he did that!  Unfortunately White, Gus Grissom, and Grand Rapids native Roger Chaffee were killed in a preflight test when their Apollo I capsule caught on fire less than two years later.

The museum also had the Apollo 16 capsule, a chunk of Skylab that was recovered in Australia, and one of the biggest moon rocks we’d seen yet.

Diana also found herself a rocket scientist!  Lt. Col. Otha ‘Skeet’ Vaughan was involved with the development of the Saturn V, the lunar rover, and several experiments that were flown on the Skylab and shuttle missions.  He began his Air Force career in 1951, started with NASA the day it was founded in 1960, and he is still a civilian pilot today.  He actually worked under Werner von Braun, which we thought was pretty darned cool!  Listening to him talk about those early days when they all were fresh out of college and didn’t know what they were doing was fascinating.  One of the early rockets was destroyed by fuel oscillation; in other words, the fuel was sloshing around in the tank.  One of the engineers discovered that if they floated empty beer cans on top of the fuel, it would dampen the oscillation.  They tried it on the next flight and it worked!  😊

The last thing we did was to take a bus tour of the Marshall Space Flight Center and the Redstone Arsenal, which is named after the red clay that the base is built on.

This is the stand that they used to test the Redstone rocket; the type that Alan Shepard was launched on to become the first American in space.  The ‘386’ is a scoreboard of sorts, as they would change it after each test to show the number of engine firings they conducted there.

The stand where they tested the first stage of the Saturn V is pictured above.  When they first fired it, they expected to have some windows in Huntsville shatter, so they warned residents of the possibility.  What they didn’t account for was the cloud cover that day, which allowed the sound to travel the 100 or so miles to Birmingham and break windows there!  It also scared the hundreds  of skunks in the vicinity, causing them to stink up the area for some time afterwards.  🙂  It was one of the loudest man-made sounds ever, coming in second to a thermonuclear bomb.

Perhaps the coolest place we saw on the tour was the International Space Station Payload Operations Center.

All of the space stations’ U.S., European, Japanese and Canadian experiments are conducted through this center. These people are in constant communication with the ISS, monitoring each experiment, as well as the crew.  The large display on the wall in front of them showed multiple feeds, including live views from both inside and outside the station.  I checked my ISS Spotter app on my phone and the tracking feature was spot on with the live map on the wall.  😊

We really enjoyed our time at the NASA facilities in Huntsville!  Of special note: the bus tour of the Marshall Space Flight Center is open to U.S. citizens only.  It is also an additional $20 per person, over and above the museum entrance fee.  We wanted to let folks know that before they make a trip to the facility.  The museums do not carry the citizenship restriction.

When we visited the Museum of the Rockies we purchased an annual membership in ASTC (Association of Science Technology Centers). This covered our admission fee, so we visited the day we arrived as well as the following day. 

Thanks for exploring the U.S. Space and Rocket Center with us!  Be sure to stay tuned to see what vistas we find on our next adventure!


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Kennedy Space Center

If you ever want to see me turn into a little kid, drive right past all the Orlando theme parks and take me to Cape Canaveral, home of the Kennedy Space Center.  This is where the Supermen of my youth lived, climbing on top of giant rockets and heading off into space.  Both Diana and I had been here several times in the past, both as children and also as a couple.  While it was always exciting to see, the business of space travel was never presented very well back then.  That has all changed, now that NASA has allowed a private company to run the visitor center.  It’s like a theme park, only the rockets on display are the real deal!

The first thing visitors see coming into the center is the rocket garden.  Several rockets are displayed that were the early hardware used to get the Mercury and Gemini astronauts into space.  Across the back is a Saturn 1B that was similar to the one that took Apollo 7 into Earth orbit.  It is the smaller cousin to the Saturn V rockets that went to the moon.

They had a Saturn V first stage F1 engine on display.  Remember this engine; I’ll talk more about it later.

A highlight in the rocket garden for me was this gantry.  This is the actual catwalk that the Apollo 11 astronauts walked across on their way to their space capsule.  Those were their last steps on earth before they stepped out onto the moon. At that time, it was 300 feet above the ground as part of the launch pad.

From there, we headed over to the Astronaut Encounter.  The astronaut there that day was Jon McBride, who actually piloted the Space Shuttle Challenger on an earlier mission before it exploded in January of 1986.

He gave a very interesting presentation, and we got to shake his hand and pose for a picture afterwards.  As you can well imagine, I was pretty excited at this point!  The rocket in the background is a model of the Orion, the vehicle that will take astronauts to Mars.

From there, we boarded a bus and headed out towards the launch pads.

One of the first things we saw was the Vehicle Assembly Building.  This is where the Saturn rockets and the shuttles were assembled and readied for launch.  This is the largest single story building in the world.  It actually is big enough that it creates its own weather inside, forming rain clouds near the ceiling on humid days. Those are giant doors on the side that allow the rockets to be moved out. I remember my dad marveling at the fact that it takes 45 minutes to open them.

This is a shuttle platform, sitting on top of a crawler transporter.  NASA has two of these transporters, both being built in 1965.  Each one weighs 6 million pounds and gets 127 gallons per mile of diesel fuel.  It definitely will pull our fifth wheel.  Let’s just say that, with that kind of fuel consumption, we won’t be using one of these for our next tow vehicle!

This is an older NASA photo of the Space Shuttle Atlantis riding to the launch pad on the back of a crawler.  When they get to the slanted pad, the one side of the transporter raises up to compensate for the angle.  The reason the pad is raised is because the ground is basically at sea level here.  Each pad has a flame pit for the exhaust from the rocket to be channeled away as the vehicle lifts off.  At the point of ignition, the entire contents of the water tower in the background is sprayed into the pit to deaden the noise…which is otherwise strong enough to stop a human heart at close range.

They also drove us past this tower that was being constructed on a mobile launching platform that was being converted from the shuttle days.  This will be used for Orion.  One of the other launch pads was being used by SpaceX, a private company that launches satellites and supply ships to the space station.

Once we were done riding around the launch pads, the driver dropped us off at the Saturn V Center.  This building holds an actual Saturn V rocket displayed in a horizontal position.

This is Apollo 18.  It never flew, as Congress ended the Apollo program three flights early.  Remember that F-1 engine I showed you earlier?  Here are five of them, mounted into position and ready to go.  When one of these rockets lifted off, these engines would lift the vehicle to an altitude of 42 miles in 2-1/2 minutes, accelerating it to a speed of over 6000 miles per hour.  Divide those numbers and that’s an acceleration of 40 miles per second!

This is the other end of that first stage of the rocket.  Once it did its job, it would fall into the Atlantic Ocean.  Then the second stage would take over with its five smaller engines, followed by the third stage with its single engine.

This cutaway model showed how the entire rocket fit together and worked as a single unit.

This was supposed to have been the Lunar Module from Apollo 15.  NASA decided to send along a lunar rover (car) on that mission after this was already built.  This unit didn’t have room on it to store the rover, so it became a museum piece.  It is interesting to note that the ladder on the lander is not strong enough to support an adult human on Earth.  On the Moon, a human weighs 1/6th of what they weigh on Earth, so it works just fine there.

This three foot wide ring was interesting.  It was positioned on top of the third stage and it contained the instruments and computers that guided the rocket from launch to a point that the spacecraft seperated from the third stage, beyond Earth orbit.  The fact we found interesting was that today’s cell phones are more powerful than the computers contained in that ring.

The Saturn V Center also contained a number of artifacts from the Apollo program.  Space suits, hardware and other items are well represented.

Here, Diana is able to touch a piece of moon rock.

Here is the Command Module from Apollo 14.  This was the capsule that Alan Shepard and his crew rode in to and from the Moon.  It is interesting to note that, of 363 feet of Saturn V rocket at launch, this 11 foot tall spacecraft was all that returned at splashdown.

Once we finished our tour of the Saturn V Center, we toured the Space Shuttle Atlantis building back at the main visitor center complex.

Here I am beneath a mockup of a main fuel tank and two solid rocket boosters used to launch a shuttle.

Once inside the facility, you get to see Atlantis, the last shuttle to fly into space.

The ship is displayed as it would appear in Earth orbit with its payload bay doors open and its robotic arm extended.  All of the cracked tiles and smudges from repeated missions into space were left to show visitors what this ship went through.

This really is the ultimate RV. 🙂  We were impressed by the sheer size of it!  The building was arranged so you could view it from multiple points on different levels. We saw the shuttle Columbia twice. We saw it land piggyback on a 747 at Kelly Air Force Base Nov. 21, 1982. We also saw Columbia launch in Florida on April 4, 1997. These were both fantastic experiences, but it didn’t allow for the close up view that we enjoyed at this display.

Here is the underside of the orbiter.  33 missions over 26 years and 125 million miles, and it still looks great.  If it were a car on its last mission, it would have qualified for antique vehicle license plates!

This is the upper portion of a shuttle main engine.  While Diana and I were looking at this and trying to make sense of it, a docent came up and asked us if she could answer any questions.  It turns out she had worked on the computer systems for these engines for twenty years.  Her intelligence was astounding, yet she explained the “spaghetti” we were looking at in a way that made reasonable sense.  The cell phone reference came up again when she mentioned that our iPhones had more capability than the engine’s computer.  I mentioned to her that smart phones are a result of the efforts of the space program, to which she agreed.

There was also a mockup of the shuttle cockpit.  Yes, I’m sure I could fly this thing.  😉

There also is a simulator that allows you to experience what it feels like to be launched in a shuttle. We opted to save that for another time.

Near the nose of Atlantis was a display that honored the 14 men and women who lost their lives in the Challenger and Columbia accidents.  Each display had personal artifacts from each astronaut.

Here is Christa McAuliffe’s display. January 28, 1986 was a hard day for me, as Diana was an educator.  Watching interviews with Christa prior to the mission, I personally saw the same determined and positive traits in her that I see in my wife. Diana will tell you that I looked at the TV during one of those interviews and said “If you let anything happen to her, NASA… I will never forgive you.”  To be honest, it took me a long time to forgive them. I eventually did, as I knew that Christa McAuliffe and the other sixteen American astronauts who gave their lives in the pursuit of space exploration would have wanted the space program to continue.

If you are in central Florida and have the time, be sure to visit the Kennedy Space Center.  Plan on getting there early, as it will consume your entire day.  Take your time and appreciate mankind’s greatest adventure. These people explored the ultimate vistas in some of the greatest RV’s ever built!



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